Closer to the gold standard: An appraisal of formulae available in Italy for use in formula-fed infants

Enrica Riva, E. Verduci, C. Agostoni, M. Giovannini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Infant formulae are the only alternatives to breast milk for infants who are unable to continue breastfeeding through the first year of life. They aim to provide formula-fed infants with the same structural and functional benefits observed in breastfed infants. To achieve this, bioactive nutrients have been added to infant formulae in recent years: long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids for neurodevelopment; probiotics and prebiotics for local gastrointestinal defence; and nucleotides for promoting the immune response. Changes in protein quantity and quality allow infant formulae to achieve a balance between providing the correct plasma amino acid profile and reducing the protein intake, which could prevent obesity in later life. Hydrolysed proteins may help prevent atopic disorders. Many short-term trials have been published but long-term follow-up data are needed in infants who have been fed the newer infant formulae, to fully understand the role of bioactive nutrients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)595-611
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of International Medical Research
Volume33
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2005

Keywords

  • Bioactive nutrients
  • Infant formula
  • Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids
  • Prebiotics
  • Probiotics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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