Clumsiness in fine motor tasks: Evidence from the quantitative drawing evaluation of children with Down Syndrome

S. L. Vimercati, M. Galli, G. Stella, G. Caiazzo, A. Ancillao, G. Albertini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: Drawing tests are commonly used for the clinical evaluation of cognitive capabilities in children with learning disabilities. We analysed quantitatively the drawings of children with Down Syndrome (DS) and of healthy, mental age-matched controls to characterise the features of fine motor skills in DS during a drawing task, with particular attention to clumsiness, a well-known feature of DS gross movements. Methods: Twenty-three children with DS and 13 controls hand-copied the figures of a circle, a cross and a square on a sheet. An optoelectronic system allowed the acquisition of the three-dimensional track of the drawing. The participants' posture and upper limb movements were analysed as well. Results: Results showed that the participants with DS tended to draw faster but with less accuracy than controls. Discussion: While clumsiness in gross movements manifests mainly as slow, less efficient movements, it manifests as high velocity and inaccurate movements in fine motor tasks such as drawing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)248-256
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Intellectual Disability Research
Volume59
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2015

Keywords

  • ADHD
  • Down Syndrome
  • Drawing
  • Fine motor skills

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Rehabilitation
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Medicine(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Clumsiness in fine motor tasks: Evidence from the quantitative drawing evaluation of children with Down Syndrome'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this