Clustering of ABCB1 and CYP2C19 Genetic Variants Predicts Risk of Major Bleeding and Thrombotic Events in Elderly Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome Receiving Dual Antiplatelet Therapy with Aspirin and Clopidogrel

Roberta Galeazzi, Fabiola Olivieri, Liana Spazzafumo, Giuseppina Rose, Alberto Montesanto, Simona Giovagnetti, Sara Cecchini, Gelsomina Malatesta, Raffaele Di Pillo, Roberto Antonicelli

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Abstract

Objective: The clinical efficacy of clopidogrel in secondary prevention of vascular events is hampered by marked inter-patient variability in drug response, which partially depends on genetic make-up. The aim of this pilot prospective study was to evaluate 12-month cardiovascular outcomes in elderly patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) receiving dual antiplatelet therapy (aspirin and clopidogrel) according to the clustering of CYP2C19 and ABCB1 genetic variants. Methods: Participants were 100 consecutive ACS patients who were genotyped for CYP2C19 (G681A and C-806T) and ABCB1 (C3435T) polymorphisms, which affect clopidogrel metabolism and bioavailability, using PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism. They were then grouped as poor, extensive and ultra-rapid metabolisers based on the combination of CYP2C19 loss-of-function (CYP2C19*2) and gain-of-function (CYP2C19*17) alleles and ABCB1 alleles. The predictive value of each phenotype for acute vascular events was estimated based on 12-month cardiovascular outcomes. Results: The poor metabolisers were at an increased risk of thrombotic events (OR 1.26; 95% CI 1.099–1.45; χ2 = 5.676; p = 0.027), whereas the ultra-rapid metabolisers had a 1.31-fold increased risk of bleeding events compared with the poor and extensive metabolisers (OR 1.31; 95% CI 1.033–1.67; χ2 = 5.676; p = 0.048). Logistic regression model, including age, sex, BMI and smoking habit, confirmed the differential risk of major events in low and ultra-rapid metabolisers. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that ACS patients classified as ‘poor or ultra-rapid’ metabolisers based on CYP2C19 and ABCB1 genotypes should receive alternative antiplatelet therapies to clopidogrel.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)649-656
Number of pages8
JournalDrugs and Aging
Volume35
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2018

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clopidogrel
Acute Coronary Syndrome
Aspirin
Cluster Analysis
Hemorrhage
Blood Vessels
Therapeutics
Logistic Models
Alleles
Complementary Therapies
Secondary Prevention
Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms
Biological Availability
Habits
Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C19
Smoking
Genotype
Prospective Studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Cite this

@article{85258b1f116d47ca822950f75f12fa70,
title = "Clustering of ABCB1 and CYP2C19 Genetic Variants Predicts Risk of Major Bleeding and Thrombotic Events in Elderly Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome Receiving Dual Antiplatelet Therapy with Aspirin and Clopidogrel",
abstract = "Objective: The clinical efficacy of clopidogrel in secondary prevention of vascular events is hampered by marked inter-patient variability in drug response, which partially depends on genetic make-up. The aim of this pilot prospective study was to evaluate 12-month cardiovascular outcomes in elderly patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) receiving dual antiplatelet therapy (aspirin and clopidogrel) according to the clustering of CYP2C19 and ABCB1 genetic variants. Methods: Participants were 100 consecutive ACS patients who were genotyped for CYP2C19 (G681A and C-806T) and ABCB1 (C3435T) polymorphisms, which affect clopidogrel metabolism and bioavailability, using PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism. They were then grouped as poor, extensive and ultra-rapid metabolisers based on the combination of CYP2C19 loss-of-function (CYP2C19*2) and gain-of-function (CYP2C19*17) alleles and ABCB1 alleles. The predictive value of each phenotype for acute vascular events was estimated based on 12-month cardiovascular outcomes. Results: The poor metabolisers were at an increased risk of thrombotic events (OR 1.26; 95{\%} CI 1.099–1.45; χ2 = 5.676; p = 0.027), whereas the ultra-rapid metabolisers had a 1.31-fold increased risk of bleeding events compared with the poor and extensive metabolisers (OR 1.31; 95{\%} CI 1.033–1.67; χ2 = 5.676; p = 0.048). Logistic regression model, including age, sex, BMI and smoking habit, confirmed the differential risk of major events in low and ultra-rapid metabolisers. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that ACS patients classified as ‘poor or ultra-rapid’ metabolisers based on CYP2C19 and ABCB1 genotypes should receive alternative antiplatelet therapies to clopidogrel.",
author = "Roberta Galeazzi and Fabiola Olivieri and Liana Spazzafumo and Giuseppina Rose and Alberto Montesanto and Simona Giovagnetti and Sara Cecchini and Gelsomina Malatesta and {Di Pillo}, Raffaele and Roberto Antonicelli",
year = "2018",
month = "7",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s40266-018-0555-1",
language = "English",
volume = "35",
pages = "649--656",
journal = "Drugs and Aging",
issn = "1170-229X",
publisher = "Springer International Publishing",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Clustering of ABCB1 and CYP2C19 Genetic Variants Predicts Risk of Major Bleeding and Thrombotic Events in Elderly Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome Receiving Dual Antiplatelet Therapy with Aspirin and Clopidogrel

AU - Galeazzi, Roberta

AU - Olivieri, Fabiola

AU - Spazzafumo, Liana

AU - Rose, Giuseppina

AU - Montesanto, Alberto

AU - Giovagnetti, Simona

AU - Cecchini, Sara

AU - Malatesta, Gelsomina

AU - Di Pillo, Raffaele

AU - Antonicelli, Roberto

PY - 2018/7/1

Y1 - 2018/7/1

N2 - Objective: The clinical efficacy of clopidogrel in secondary prevention of vascular events is hampered by marked inter-patient variability in drug response, which partially depends on genetic make-up. The aim of this pilot prospective study was to evaluate 12-month cardiovascular outcomes in elderly patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) receiving dual antiplatelet therapy (aspirin and clopidogrel) according to the clustering of CYP2C19 and ABCB1 genetic variants. Methods: Participants were 100 consecutive ACS patients who were genotyped for CYP2C19 (G681A and C-806T) and ABCB1 (C3435T) polymorphisms, which affect clopidogrel metabolism and bioavailability, using PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism. They were then grouped as poor, extensive and ultra-rapid metabolisers based on the combination of CYP2C19 loss-of-function (CYP2C19*2) and gain-of-function (CYP2C19*17) alleles and ABCB1 alleles. The predictive value of each phenotype for acute vascular events was estimated based on 12-month cardiovascular outcomes. Results: The poor metabolisers were at an increased risk of thrombotic events (OR 1.26; 95% CI 1.099–1.45; χ2 = 5.676; p = 0.027), whereas the ultra-rapid metabolisers had a 1.31-fold increased risk of bleeding events compared with the poor and extensive metabolisers (OR 1.31; 95% CI 1.033–1.67; χ2 = 5.676; p = 0.048). Logistic regression model, including age, sex, BMI and smoking habit, confirmed the differential risk of major events in low and ultra-rapid metabolisers. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that ACS patients classified as ‘poor or ultra-rapid’ metabolisers based on CYP2C19 and ABCB1 genotypes should receive alternative antiplatelet therapies to clopidogrel.

AB - Objective: The clinical efficacy of clopidogrel in secondary prevention of vascular events is hampered by marked inter-patient variability in drug response, which partially depends on genetic make-up. The aim of this pilot prospective study was to evaluate 12-month cardiovascular outcomes in elderly patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) receiving dual antiplatelet therapy (aspirin and clopidogrel) according to the clustering of CYP2C19 and ABCB1 genetic variants. Methods: Participants were 100 consecutive ACS patients who were genotyped for CYP2C19 (G681A and C-806T) and ABCB1 (C3435T) polymorphisms, which affect clopidogrel metabolism and bioavailability, using PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism. They were then grouped as poor, extensive and ultra-rapid metabolisers based on the combination of CYP2C19 loss-of-function (CYP2C19*2) and gain-of-function (CYP2C19*17) alleles and ABCB1 alleles. The predictive value of each phenotype for acute vascular events was estimated based on 12-month cardiovascular outcomes. Results: The poor metabolisers were at an increased risk of thrombotic events (OR 1.26; 95% CI 1.099–1.45; χ2 = 5.676; p = 0.027), whereas the ultra-rapid metabolisers had a 1.31-fold increased risk of bleeding events compared with the poor and extensive metabolisers (OR 1.31; 95% CI 1.033–1.67; χ2 = 5.676; p = 0.048). Logistic regression model, including age, sex, BMI and smoking habit, confirmed the differential risk of major events in low and ultra-rapid metabolisers. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that ACS patients classified as ‘poor or ultra-rapid’ metabolisers based on CYP2C19 and ABCB1 genotypes should receive alternative antiplatelet therapies to clopidogrel.

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