Magnesium (Mg2+) plays a crucial role in many biological processes especially in the brain, heart and skeletal muscle. Mg2+ homeostasis is regulated by intestinal absorption and renal reabsorption, involving a combination of different epithelial transport pathways. Mutations in any of these transporters result in hypomagnesemia with variable clinical presentations. Among these, CNNM2 is found along the basolateral membrane of distal tubular segments where it is involved in Mg2+ reabsorption. To date, heterozygous mutations in CNNM2 have been associated with a variable phenotype, ranging from isolated hypomagnesemia to intellectual disability and epilepsy. The only homozygous mutation reported so far, is responsible for hypomagnesemia associated with a severe neurological phenotype characterized by refractory epilepsy, microcephaly, severe global developmental delay and intellectual disability. Here, we report the second homozygous CNNM2 mutation (c.1642G > A,p.Val548Met) in a Moroccan patient, presenting with hypomagnesemia and severe epileptic encephalopathy. Thus, we review and discuss the phenotypic spectrum associated with CNNM2 mutations.
- Abnormalities, Multiple/genetics
- Magnesium Deficiency/congenital
- Mutation, Missense