Coagulation factor activity and clinical bleeding severity in rare bleeding disorders: Results from the European Network of Rare Bleeding Disorders

F. Peyvandi, R. Palla, M. Menegatti, S. M. Siboni, S. Halimeh, B. Faeser, H. Pergantou, H. Platokouki, P. Giangrande, K. Peerlinck, T. Celkan, N. Ozdemir, C. Bidlingmaier, J. Ingerslev, M. Giansily-Blaizot, J. F. Schved, R. Gilmore, A. Gadisseur, M. Benedik-Dolničar, L. KitanovskiD. Mikovic, K. M. Musallam, F. R. Rosendaal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The European Network of Rare Bleeding Disorders (EN-RBD) was established to bridge the gap between knowledge and practise in the care of patients with RBDs. Objectives: To explore the relationship between coagulation factor activity level and bleeding severity in patients with RBDs. Patients/Methods: Cross-sectional study using data from 489 patients registered in the EN-RBD. Coagulation factor activity levels were retrieved. Clinical bleeding episodes were classified into four categories according to severity. Results: The mean age of patients at data collection was 31years (range, 7months to 95years), with an equal sex distribution. On linear regression analysis, there was a strong association between coagulation factor activity level and clinical bleeding severity for fibrinogen, factor (F) X, FXIII, and combined FV and FVIII deficiencies. A weaker association was present for FV and FVII deficiencies. There was no association between coagulation factor activity level and clinical bleeding severity for FXI. The coagulation factor activity levels that were necessary for patients to remain asymptomatic were: fibrinogen, >100mgdL -1; FV, 12UdL -1; combined FV+VIII, 43UdL -1; FVII, 25UdL -1; FX, 56UdL -1; FXI, 26UdL -1; FXIII, 31UdL -1. Moreover, coagulation factor activity levels that corresponded with Grade III bleeding were: undetectable levels for fibrinogen, FV and FXIII, -1 for combined FV+VIII; -1 for FVI; -1 for FX; and -1 for FXI. Conclusions: There is a heterogeneous association between coagulation factor activity level and clinical bleeding severity in different RBDs. A strong association is only observed in fibrinogen, FX and FXIII deficiencies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)615-621
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis
Volume10
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2012

Keywords

  • Bleeding episode
  • Coagulant activity
  • Phenotype
  • Rare bleeding disorder

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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