Cochlear Implantation as a Treatment for Sudden Autoimmune Sensorineural Hearing Loss in a Patient Affected by Eosinophilic Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis: A Case Report and A Review of Literature

T. Cacco, E. Castello, F.R.M. Canevari, A. Laborai, A. Grillone, D. Zanetti, G. Peretti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To report presentation, diagnostic process, management and outcome of a case of autoimmune inner ear disease (AIED) related with Churg-Strauss syndrome, also known as eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA), treated with cochlear implantation, and review of relevant literature. Case presentation and management: A retrospective case report of AIED associated with EGPA treated with cochlear implantation was described. A multi-step approach for diagnosis and confirmation of AIED and hearing rehabilitation was conducted, eventually leading to left cochlear implantation. Results: The surgery was without complications and postoperative course was uneventful. Two years after surgery, pure-tone and speech soundfield audiometry with left cochlear implant switched on showed a good improvement in pure-tone threshold and a word recognition score of 50% at 60 dB nHL. Literature review does not report any previous case of AIED EGPA-related. Conclusions: Cochlear implantation in AIED EGPA-related have been shown to be a viable treatment option in a stabilized phase of disease. © The Author(s) 2020.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAnn. Otol. Rhinol. Laryngol.
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • NEUROSCIENZE
  • CASE REPORT

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