PSORS1, near HLA-C, is the major genetic determinant of psoriasis. We present genetic and structural evidence suggesting a major role for the HCR gene at the PSORS1 locus. Genotyping of 419 families from six populations revealed that coding single-nucleotide polymorphisms of HCR formed a conserved allele HCR*WWCC that associated highly significantly with psoriasis and with the HLA-Cw6 allele in all populations. Because of strong linkage disequilibrium between HLA-Cw6 and HCR*WWCC, the two genes could not be genetically distinguished by this sample size. However, the variant HCR allele was predicted to differ in secondary structure from the wild-type protein. HCR protein expression in lesional psoriatic skin differed considerably from that observed in normal skin. These results provide strong evidence for the HCR*WWCC allele as a major genetic determinant for psoriasis, probably by a mechanism impacting on keratinocyte proliferation.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Human Molecular Genetics|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 1 2002|
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