Coexistence of two different mutations in codon 12 of the Kras gene in colorectal cancer: Report of a case supporting the concept of tumoral heterogeneity

Giuseppina Improta, Angela Zupa, Luciana Possidente, Alfredo Tartarone, Piernicola Pedicini, Antonio Nappi, Sergio Molinari, Filippo Fraggetta, Giulia Vita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Evaluation of the mutational status of KRAS is a crucial step for the correct therapeutic approach in treating advanced colorectal cancer as the identification of wild-type KRAS tumors leads to more specific and less toxic treatments for patients. Although several studies have highlighted the differences between primary and metastatic tumors, the possibility of two or more mutations in the same codon has seldom been reported. The present study reports an additional case of an advanced adenocarcinoma of the colon showing two somatic mutations (p.G12D and p.G12V) in the same codon (codon 12) of exon 2 of the KRAS gene, thus supporting the possibility of two differing clonal origins of the tumor. Although the clinical significance of multiple mutations remains unknown at present, based on the limited data available in the literature, this rare event appears to be associated with a more aggressive disease, as in the present case. This case report demonstrates the existence of intratumoral heterogeneity and the coexistence of distinct clones within a tumor that may have profound clinical implications for disease progression and therapeutic responses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1741-1743
Number of pages3
JournalOncology Letters
Volume5
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2013

Keywords

  • Colorectal cancer
  • KRAS
  • Multiple mutations
  • Tumoral heterogeneity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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