Coffee and alcohol intake and risk of ovarian cancer: An Italian case-control study

A. Tavani, S. Gallus, L. Dal Maso, S. Franceschi, M. Montella, E. Conti, C. La Vecchia

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Abstract

The relation between coffee and alcohol intake and ovarian cancer risk was analyzed in a case-control study conducted in Italy between 1992 and 1999. Cases were 1,031 women, aged 18-79 years, with incident, histologically confirmed invasive epithelial ovarian cancer, and controls were 2,411 women, aged 17-79 years, admitted to the hospital for acute nonneoplastic non-hormone-related diseases. Coffee intake (mostly espresso and mocha) was not associated with ovarian cancer risk, with an odds ratio (OR) of 0.93 [95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.69-1.27] in drinkers of ≥4 cups/day compared with drinkers of 39 g/day compared with never drinkers), beer, amari, grappa, and spirits. No significant heterogeneity was found for coffee or total alcohol intake across strata of age, education, parity, oral contraceptive use, family history of ovarian/breast cancer, body mass index, and calorie intake. This study, based on a large data set, provides no support for a causal association between invasive epithelial ovarian cancer risk and coffee and alcohol intake.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-34
Number of pages6
JournalNutrition and Cancer
Volume39
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2001

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Oncology
  • Food Science

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