Coffee drinking and risk of preterm birth

F. Chiaffarino, F. Parazzini, L. Chatenoud, E. Ricci, L. Tozzi, V. Chiantera, C. Maffioletti, L. Fedele

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: We analysed the association between coffee drinking before and during the three trimesters of pregnancy and the risk of preterm birth of babies normal for gestational age (NGA) or small for gestational age (SGA). Methods: Case-control study conducted in University clinics of North Italy. Cases were 502 women who delivered at <weeks of gestation. The controls included 1966 women who gave birth at term (≥37 weeks of gestation) to healthy infants on randomly selected days at the hospitals where cases had been identified. Results: There was inverse association for coffee consumption in the third trimester of pregnancy in SGA cases compared to NGA (heterogeneity test between OR: χ12 P≤0.05). In comparison with not drinkers, all the ORs of overall intake of caffeine were closed near the unity for both SGA and NGA preterm birth. Conclusion: Compared with no consumption, a low consumption of coffee during pregnancy may not have significant effects on preterm birth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)610-613
Number of pages4
JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume60
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2006

Fingerprint

premature birth
Coffee
Premature Birth
drinking
Drinking
Gestational Age
small for gestational age
pregnancy
gestational age
infants
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Trimesters
caffeine
case-control studies
Third Pregnancy Trimester
Caffeine
Italy
Case-Control Studies
Parturition
testing

Keywords

  • Coffee
  • Epidemiology
  • Normal for gestational age
  • Preterm birth
  • Risk factors
  • Small for gestational age

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Food Science

Cite this

Coffee drinking and risk of preterm birth. / Chiaffarino, F.; Parazzini, F.; Chatenoud, L.; Ricci, E.; Tozzi, L.; Chiantera, V.; Maffioletti, C.; Fedele, L.

In: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 60, No. 5, 05.2006, p. 610-613.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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