Cognitive development in low risk preterm infants at 3-4 years of life

B. Caravale, C. Tozzi, G. Albino, S. Vicari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Major neurological handicaps and neuropsychological disturbances are more common in ex-preterm children than their counterparts born at term. Objective: To establish in a prospective study whether a characteristic neuropsychological profile exists in ex-preterm children who do not exhibit neurodevelopmental deficits on routine clinical examination. Methods: Thirty intellectually normal children born preterm (30-34 weeks gestation) without major neurological disabilities and a control group of term children matched for age, sex, and parental educational and occupational status were assessed at 3-4 years of age to obtain a complete neuropsychological profile. Intellectual ability, language comprehension and expression, perceptual and visual motor function, working memory, and attention and behavioural problems were investigated. Results: Even in the absence of major neurological signs, children born preterm achieved lower mean scores than controls on the Stanford-Binet intelligence scale (110.8 v 121, p

Original languageEnglish
JournalArchives of Disease in Childhood: Fetal and Neonatal Edition
Volume90
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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