Cognitive rehabilitation in patients with traumatic brain injury: A narrative review on the emerging use of virtual reality

Maria Grazia Maggio, Rosaria De Luca, Francesco Molonia, Bruno Porcari, Massimo Destro, Carmela Casella, Ramona Salvati, Placido Bramanti, Rocco Salvatore Calabro

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a clinical condition characterized by brain damage due to an external, rapid and violent force. TBI causes attention, memory, affectivity, behaviour, planning, and executive dysfunctions, with a significant impact on the quality of life of the patient and of his/her family. Cognitive and motor rehabilitation programs are essential for clinical recovery of TBI patients, improving functional outcomes and the quality of life. Various researches have underlined the possible effectiveness of innovative techniques, with regard to virtual reality (VR), during the different phases of rehabilitation after TBI. This review aims to evaluate the role of VR tools in cognitive assessment and rehabilitation in individuals affected by TBI. Studies performed between 2010 and 2017 and fulfilling the selected criteria were found on PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane and Web of Sciences databases. The search combined the terms VR, assessment, rehabilitation and TBI. Our review has shown that VR has the potential to provide an effective assessment and rehabilitation tool for the treatment of cognitive and behavioral impairment on TBI patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-4
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Clinical Neuroscience
Volume61
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2019

Keywords

  • Cognitive assessment
  • Cognitive rehabilitation
  • Traumatic brain injury
  • Virtual reality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)

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