Colic and rectal tumors with peritoneal metastases treated with cytoreductive surgery and HIPEC: One homogeneous condition or two different diseases? A systematic review and meta-analysis

Marco Tonello, Antonio Sommariva, Giovanni Pirozzolo, Genny Mattara, Pierluigi Pilati

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Colorectal cancer (CRC) peritoneal metastasis (PM) is one of the most important cause of cancer-related death in world. CRC PM is considered as a homogeneous disease without differentiating colonic or rectal origin. Aim of this study is to analyze survival of patients treated with cytoreductive surgery and HIPEC, according to the origin of PM. Literature search was performed to identify relevant articles. All meta-analysis were performed using mean difference and log of HR, when appropriate. The I2 statistic was used to determine the heterogeneity of included studies. Out of 349 selected records, 9 articles (1308 patients, 1153 colon PM and 155 rectal PM) have been included. OS and DFS is higher in patients affected by colon PM (OS mean difference: 24,49 months [95% CI: 14,70-34,28 months, p < 0,000001]; DFS mean difference: 7,75 months [95% CI: 1,37-14,13 months, p: 0,02]) and pooled Hazard Ratio for disease-related death in rectal PM is 1.62 [95% CI: 1,01-2,59, p: 0,05] compared to colon PM). Heterogeneity among selected studies is high in two subgroups and low in one (OS subgroup A I2: 98%, p < 0,000001; DFS subgroup I2: 91%, p < 0,000001; OS subgroup B I2: 25%, p: 0,26). Our analysis, with all the limitations related to included studies, suggests that peritoneal metastasis of rectal tumors treated with CRS and HIPEC have a worst prognosis of colon tumors PM. Larger studies are required to confirm those results and therefore we invite all Authors in considering also tumor localization when reporting data on CRC peritoneal metastasis treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2003-2008
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Surgical Oncology
Volume45
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2019

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