Collagen proportionate area is an independent predictor of long-term outcome in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

Elena Buzzetti, Andrew Hall, Mattias Ekstedt, Roberta Manuguerra, Marta Guerrero Misas, Claudia Covelli, Gioacchino Leandro, TuVinh Luong, Stergios Kechagias, Emanuel K Manesis, Massimo Pinzani, Amar P Dhillon, Emmanuel A Tsochatzis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Collagen proportionate area (CPA) measurement is a technique that quantifies fibrous tissue in liver biopsies by measuring the amount of collagen deposition as a proportion of the total biopsy area. CPA predicts clinical outcomes in patients with HCV and can sub-classify cirrhosis.

AIM: To test the ability of CPA to quantify fibrosis and predict clinical outcomes in patients with NAFLD.

METHODS: We assessed consecutive patients with biopsy-proven NAFLD from three European centres. Clinical and laboratory data were collected at baseline and at the time of the last clinical follow-up or death. CPA was performed at two different objective magnifications, whole biopsy macro and ×4 objective magnification, named standard (SM) and high (HM) magnification respectively. The correlation between CPA and liver stiffness was assessed in a sub-group of patients.

RESULTS: Of 437 patients, 32 (7.3%) decompensated and/or died from liver-related causes during a median follow-up of 103 months. CPA correlated with liver stiffness and liver fibrosis stage across the whole spectrum of fibrosis. HM CPA was significantly higher than SM CPA in stages F0-F3 but similar in cirrhosis, reflecting a higher ability to capture pericellular/perisinusoidal fibrosis at early stages. Age at baseline (HR: 1.04, 95% CI: 1.01-1.08), HM CPA (HR: 1.04 per 1% increase, 95% CI: 1.01-1.08) and presence of advanced fibrosis (HR: 15.4, 95% CI: 5.02-47.84) were independent predictors of liver-related clinical outcomes at standard and competing risk multivariate Cox-regression analysis.

CONCLUSIONS: CPA accurately measures fibrosis and is an independent predictor of clinical outcomes in NAFLD; hence it merits further evaluation as a surrogate endpoint in clinical trials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1214-1222
Number of pages9
JournalAlimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Volume49
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2019

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