Colloidal stability of polymeric nanoparticles in biological fluids

Stefano Lazzari, Davide Moscatelli, Fabio Codari, Mario Salmona, Massimo Morbidelli, Luisa Diomede

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Estimating the colloidal stability of polymeric nanoparticles (NPs) in biological environments is critical for designing optimal preparations and to clarify the fate of these devices after administration. To characterize and quantify the physical stability of nanodevices suitable for biomedical applications, spherical NPs composed of poly-lactic acid (PLA) and poly-methyl-methacrylate (PMMA), in the range 100-200 nm, were prepared. Their stability in salt solutions, biological fluids, serum and tissue homogenates was analyzed by dynamic light scattering (DLS). The PMMA NPs remained stable in all fluids, while PLA NPs aggregated in gastric juice and spleen homogenate. The proposed stability test is therefore useful to see in advance whether NPs might aggregate when administered in vivo. To assess colloidal stability ex vivo as well, spectrophotofluorimetric analysis was employed, giving comparable results to DLS.

Original languageEnglish
Article number920
JournalJournal of Nanoparticle Research
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2012


  • Gastrointestinal fluids
  • Homogenates
  • Nanomedicine
  • Nanoparticles
  • Poly-lactic acid
  • Poly-methyl-methacrylate
  • Serum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Bioengineering


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