Background: Cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) is an innovative approach to peritoneal carcinomatosis. Due to the complexity of the combined procedure, high rates of potentially life-threatening complications have been reported. This is the first report of colobronchial fistula following CRS and HIPEC. Case Report: A 70-year-old woman underwent CRS and HIPEC for papillary well-differentiated peritoneal mesothelioma. During the postoperative course, recurrent pneumonia occurred and bacteria of intestinal origin were isolated from expectorated sputum. Water-soluble contrast studies revealed direct communication between the left colon flexure and the bronchial tree. After appropriate medical and supportive therapies, the patient underwent resection of the splenic flexure and immediate anastomosis with complete recovery. Conclusion: Colobronchial fistula is a rare and potentially lethal complication of CRS and HIPEC. A suggestive clinical picture and contrast studies allow conclusive diagnosis to be made. Surgery is a safe and effective therapeutic option.
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 2009|
- Colobronchial fistula
- Intraperitioneal hyperthermic perfusion
- Locoregional chemotherapy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)