Colorectal surgery in Italy during the Covid19 outbreak: a survey from the iCral study group.

The Italian ColoRectal Anastomotic Leakage (iCral) study group, Marco Caricato, Gian Luca Baiocchi, Francesco Crafa, Stefano Scabini, Giuseppe Brisinda, Marco Clementi, Giuseppe Sica, Paolo Delrio, Graziano Longo, Gabriele Anania, Nicolò de Manzini, Pietro Amodio, Andrea Lucchi, Gianandrea Baldazzi, Gianluca Garulli, Alberto Patriti, Felice Pirozzi, Maurizio Pavanello, Alessandro CarraraRoberto Campagnacci, Andrea Liverani, Andrea Muratore, Walter Siquini, Raffaele De Luca, Stefano Mancini, Felice Borghi, Mariantonietta Di Cosmo, Roberto Persiani, Corrado Pedrazzani, Matteo Scaramuzzi, Marco Scatizzi, Nereo Vettoretto, Mauro Totis, Andrea Gennai, Pierluigi Marini, Massimo Basti, Massimo Viola, Giacomo Ruffo, Marco Catarci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: The COVID19 pandemic had a deep impact on healthcare facilities in Italy, with profound reorganization of surgical activities. The Italian ColoRectal Anastomotic Leakage (iCral) study group collecting 43 Italian surgical centers experienced in colorectal surgery from multiple regions performed a quick survey to make a snapshot of the current situation. Methods: A 25-items questionnaire was sent to the 43 principal investigators of the iCral study group, with questions regarding qualitative and quantitative aspects of the surgical activity before and after the COVID19 outbreak. Results: Two-thirds of the centers were involved in the treatment of COVID19 cases. Intensive care units (ICU) beds were partially or totally reallocated for the treatment of COVID19 cases in 72% of the hospitals. Elective colorectal surgery for malignancy was stopped or delayed in nearly 30% of the centers, with less than 20% of them still scheduling elective colorectal resections for frail and comorbid patients needing postoperative ICU care. A significant reduction of the number of colorectal resections during the time span from January to March 2020 was recorded, with significant delay in treatment in more than 50% of the centers. Discussion: Our survey confirms that COVID19 outbreak is severely affecting the activity of colorectal surgery centers participating to iCral study group. This could impact the activity of surgical centers for many months after the end of the emergency.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)249-257
JournalUpdates Surg.
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2020


  • Colorectal surgery
  • Covid19 outbreak


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