Combination or single-agent chemotherapy as adjuvant treatment of gastric cancer. A systematic review and meta-analysis of published trials.

Roberto Iacovelli, Filippo Pietrantonio, Claudia Maggi, Filippo De Braud, Maria Di Bartolomeo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Chemotherapy is standard care in resected gastric cancer (GC). Despite the evidence that combination chemotherapy (CT) increases overall survival (OS) as compared to single agent therapy in metastatic disease, no study proved this benefit in the adjuvant setting. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis based on trial data on the role of combination over single agent CT as adjuvant treatment of GC. Methods: MEDLINE/PubMed and Cochrane Library were searched for randomized phase III trials that compared combination vs. single agent CT in patients treated with radical surgery for non-metastatic GC. Data extraction was conducted according to the PRISMA statement. Statistical analyses were conducted to calculate the summary hazard ratio (HR) for OS and disease free survival (DFS) and 95% Confidence Intervals (CIs) by using random-effects or fixed effects models based on the heterogeneity of included studies. A subgroup analysis was performed in patients treated with D2 lymphadenectomy. Results: A total of 3572 patients were available for this analysis, 1857 received D2 lymphadenectomy, and fluoropyrimidine was given in 97% of patients of the control arm. In the overall population, the combined therapy decrease the risk of death by 13% (HR = 0.87; 95%CI, 0.79-0.95; p = 0.004) with fixed effect and by 19% (HR = 0.81; 95%CI, 0.68-0.97; p = 0.02) with random effect; significant heterogeneity was found. When analysis was limited to studies that required D2 lymphadenectomy a significant reduction of the risk of death was found in favor of combination CT (HR = 0.86; 95%CI, 0.76-0.98; p = 0.02). In the 3487 patients valuable for DFS, combination CT decreased the risk of relapse by 23% (HR = 0.77; 95%CI, 0.70-0.84; p <0.001) with fixed effect and by 27% (HR = 0.73; 95%CI, 0.49-1.09; p = 0.12) with random effect; significant heterogeneity was found. Conclusions: This analysis reported that adjuvant combination CT decreases the risk of death over single agent therapy in patients with non-metastatic GC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24-28
Number of pages5
JournalCritical Reviews in Oncology/Hematology
Volume98
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2016

Keywords

  • Adjuvant
  • Chemotherapy
  • Combined chemotherapy
  • Fluorouracil
  • Gastric cancer
  • Overall survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Hematology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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