Combination therapy of zibotentan with cisplatinum and paclitaxel is an effective regimen for epithelial ovarian cancer

Laura Rosanò, Roberta Cianfrocca, Francesca Spinella, Valeriana Di Castro, Pier Giorgio Natali, Anna Bagnato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In human ovarian carcinoma, the endothelin-1 (ET-1) / endothelin A receptor (ETAR) axis is overexpressed, correlating with tumor grade. Moreover, ETAR activation by ET-1 affects cell proliferation, survival, angiogenesis, and invasion. ETAR blockade with zibotentan (ZD4054), a specific ETAR antagonist, significantly inhibits ovarian cancer growth in vitro and in vivo, underscoring the relevance of this pathway as a target for cancer therapy. Since clinical trial results have defined the combination of platinum and taxane as the standard of care in the management of ovarian cancer, here we explored the therapeutic efficacy of the integration of zibotentan with cytotoxic drugs having different modes of action. We found that the combination of zibotentan with cisplatinum as well as zibotentan with paclitaxel was more effective at inhibiting ovarian cancer HEY cell proliferation induced by endogenous ET-1 than were the single agents alone. However, a significantly enhanced efficacy was observed when we combined zibotentan, cisplatinum, and paclitaxel. Accordingly, in HEY xenografts the coadministration of zibotentan with cisplatinum enhanced the efficacy of the cytotoxic drug alone in controlling tumor growth, associated with reduction in proliferation index and microvessel density. Remarkably, the combination of zibotentan with both cisplatinum and paclitaxel was very effective in inhibiting tumor growth, neovascularization, and cell proliferation, representing a preclinical endpoint to guide combination therapy in clinical trials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)676-681
Number of pages6
JournalCanadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
Volume88
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2010

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Combination therapy
  • ET-1
  • ET receptor
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Zibotentan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Pharmacology

Cite this