A combination treatment with thymosin α1 (200 μg/kg) for 4 days, followed by a single injection of murine interferon α/β (3 × 104 international units/mouse), starting 2 days after cyclophosphamide treatment (200 mg/kg, single injection) demonstrated a dramatic and rapid disappearance of tumor burden in mice bearing Lewis lung carcinoma (3LL) tumor. The effectiveness of this new chemoimmunotherapy protocol was evident even on the long-term survival in a high percentage of animals, and was statistically significant when compared to treatment with the single agents in conjunction with chemotherapy or to chemotherapy itself. The same combination immunotherapy treatment strongly stimulated natural killer activity and cytotoxicity against autologus 3LL tumor cells in 3LL-tumor-bearing mice treated with cyclophosphamide, whereas treatments with each agent singly did not alter or only slightly modified the cytotoxic activity towards Yac-1 or 3LL target cells. Selective depletion with antibodies showed that killer cells stimulated by combination chemoimmunotherapy treatment bear phenotypic characteristics of asialo-GM1-positive cells. A histological study has shown a high number of infiltrating lymphoid cells in the tumors obtained from mice treated with combination chemoimmunotherapy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research