Combined action of stem cell factor, leukemia inhibitory factor, and cAMP on in vitro proliferation of mouse primordial germ cells

S. Dolci, M. Pesce, M. De Felici

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In the present paper we investigated the effects of stem cell factor/mastocyte growth factor (SCF/MGF), leukemia inhibitory factor/differentiating inhibitory activity (LIF/DIA) (two growth factors known to affect primordial germ cell growth in vitro) and forskolin (FRSK) (an activator of adenylate cyclase in many cell types) alone or in combination on the survival and proliferation of primordial germ cells (PGCs) obtained from 8.5, 10.5, and 11.5 days post coitum (dpc) mouse embryos and cultured without pre-formed cell feeder layers. The results showed that both at 1 and 3 days of culture the addition of 100 ng/ml SCF, 20 μM FRSK, or in some instances 20 ng/ml LIF alone caused a significant increase of PGC number as compared with controls. The highest effects were obtained when SCF and/or LIF were used together with FRSK. Moreover, we found that FRSK elevated cAMP levels in purified 11.5 dpc PGCs and that this compound, but not SCF and LIF, stimulated PGC proliferation, as assessed by 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridin (BrdU) incorporation. These results suggest a mechanism of combined action of cAMP with SCF and/or LIF in the control of proliferation of mouse PGCs in vitro.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)134-139
Number of pages6
JournalMolecular Reproduction and Development
Volume35
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1993

Keywords

  • Forskolin
  • Germ cell proliferation
  • LIF
  • SCF

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

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