Combined effect of GSTM1, GSTT1 and GSTP1 polymorphisms on histological subtypes of lung cancer

R. C. Sobti, Pushpinder Kaur, Satinder Kaur, A. K. Janmeja, S. K. Jindal, J. Kishan, Sara Raimondi

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Genetic polymorphisms are natural genetic variations in the gene sequence that occur at a frequency of >1% in the population. This genetic variability (polymorphisms) can be a factor in cancer risk. The functional polymorphisms in GST genes play an important role in susceptibility to lung cancer. In our previous study, we reported that the combination of certain genotypes of GSTM1, GSTT1 and CYP1A1 is associated with lung cancer. The study has been extended to investigate the potential role of polymorphism in GSTP1 alone or in combination with the status of GSTM1 and GSTT1 genes in the likelihood of development of lung cancer. A total of 302 subjects (151 cases and 151 controls) were evaluated. Using a case-control design, individuals were genotyped for GSTs using multiplex polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism techniques. The data obtained were analyzed using multiple logistic regression. The combined 'at risk' genotypes of GSTM1 null and GSTT1 null in comparison with 'wild-type' genotypes seems to be associated with a greater risk of lung cancer, but the results are not significant (odds ratio (OR) 2.0, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.68-5.96) and for squamous cell carcinoma (SqCC) it was 1.6-fold (OR 1.6, 95% CI 0.49-5.68). In summary, our case - control study of lung cancer revealed that the effect of these polymorphisms is not very marked for different genotypic combinations of GSTP1, GSTM1 and GSTT1 in the context of developing lung cancer in a north Indian population. However, the increased risk was limited to SqCC, and was not found for other histological subtypes. Further analyses on this topic are needed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)282-295
Number of pages14
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - May 2008


  • Genetic polymorphism
  • GSTs
  • Lung cancer risk

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Toxicology


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