The aim of this study was to assess the combined effect of dimethylacetamide (DMA) and two non-permeating cryoprotective agents, trehalose and sucrose, on the quality of post-thaw chicken semen. Adult Lohmann roosters (n = 27) were used. Semen was processed according to the following treatments: Lake pre-freezing extender +6% DMA (LPF, control treatment), LPF + 0.1 M trehalose (LPF-T treatment), LPF + 0.1 M sucrose (LPF-S treatment) and LPF + 0.1 M trehalose + 0.1 M sucrose (LPF-TS treatment). Semen was loaded into straws and frozen in nitrogen vapour. Sperm quality (viability, mobility and kinetic parameters) was assessed immediately after thawing (T0) and at 5 (T5), 10 (T10) and 15 min (T15) thereafter. The different cryodiluent combinations significantly affected the kinetic parameters. The presence of trehalose, alone or with sucrose, combined with DMA improved the quality of motion in cryopreserved sperm in comparison to DMA alone (LPF) and DMA with sucrose (LPF-S). In particular, the highest values in linearity (LIN) and wobble (WOB) were measured in the treatment LPF-T. The treatments significantly affected the recovery rate of progressive motile sperm that presented the best value soon after thawing in the LPF-T treatment; moreover, the presence of trehalose, alone (LPF-T) or with sucrose (LPF-TS), significantly improved the recovery rate of progressive motile sperm also at T5 and T10 compared to LPF and LPF-S. The present results show a positive synergic action of DMA and trehalose on motile function of thawed chicken sperm.
- Chicken sperm
- Semen cryopreservation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)