Common neurological alterations of the dentato-rubro-olivary pathway (guillain-mollaret triangle) in different pathological fields: From palatal myoclonus to sudden unexplained fetal and infant death-a possible interpretation

Anna M. Lavezzi, Giampietro Farronato, Maria Mauri, Franco Santoro, Luigi Matturri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We discussed the anatomy and the developmental alterations of a neuronal circuit, already implied in the pathogenesis of the palatal myoclonus, and connecting the dentate nucleus in the cerebellum with the red nucleus and the inferior olivary nucleus in the brainstem, in the context of our findings obtained in a wide set of sudden intrauterine unexplained death (SIUD) and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). We observed high incidence of developmental alterations (hypoplasia, hyperplasia, and high c-fos neuronal immunopositivity) of the three nuclei in both SIDS and SIUD, frequently associated to serotonergic abnormalities and to maternal smoking in pregnancy. We underlined the likeness of these neurological abnormalities with the neuropathologic picture marking the palatal myoclonus. We concluded that the network connecting the dentate, the red, and the inferior olivary nuclei is involved in the pathogenesis of a wide spectrum of manifestations, which, even if quite different, can be ascribed to a defective muscular contraction, frequently triggered from hypoxic conditions. Wrong contraction of eye, face, and throat muscles can lead to palatal myoclonus; wrong contracture of the upper airway muscles can be involved in the pathogenetic mechanism of the sudden fetal death and sudden infant death in the first months of life.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8-14
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Neurological Journal
Volume3
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Fingerprint

Myoclonus
Fetal Death
Sudden Infant Death
Olivary Nucleus
Red Nucleus
Cerebellar Nuclei
Muscles
Contracture
Muscle Contraction
Sudden Death
Pharynx
Cerebellum
Brain Stem
Hyperplasia
Anatomy
Smoking
Mothers
Pregnancy
Incidence
Infant Death

Keywords

  • Central autonomic nervous system
  • Dentate nucleus
  • Inferior olivary nucleus
  • Palatal myoclonus
  • Red nucleus
  • Sids
  • Siud

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology

Cite this

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title = "Common neurological alterations of the dentato-rubro-olivary pathway (guillain-mollaret triangle) in different pathological fields: From palatal myoclonus to sudden unexplained fetal and infant death-a possible interpretation",
abstract = "We discussed the anatomy and the developmental alterations of a neuronal circuit, already implied in the pathogenesis of the palatal myoclonus, and connecting the dentate nucleus in the cerebellum with the red nucleus and the inferior olivary nucleus in the brainstem, in the context of our findings obtained in a wide set of sudden intrauterine unexplained death (SIUD) and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). We observed high incidence of developmental alterations (hypoplasia, hyperplasia, and high c-fos neuronal immunopositivity) of the three nuclei in both SIDS and SIUD, frequently associated to serotonergic abnormalities and to maternal smoking in pregnancy. We underlined the likeness of these neurological abnormalities with the neuropathologic picture marking the palatal myoclonus. We concluded that the network connecting the dentate, the red, and the inferior olivary nuclei is involved in the pathogenesis of a wide spectrum of manifestations, which, even if quite different, can be ascribed to a defective muscular contraction, frequently triggered from hypoxic conditions. Wrong contraction of eye, face, and throat muscles can lead to palatal myoclonus; wrong contracture of the upper airway muscles can be involved in the pathogenetic mechanism of the sudden fetal death and sudden infant death in the first months of life.",
keywords = "Central autonomic nervous system, Dentate nucleus, Inferior olivary nucleus, Palatal myoclonus, Red nucleus, Sids, Siud",
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T1 - Common neurological alterations of the dentato-rubro-olivary pathway (guillain-mollaret triangle) in different pathological fields

T2 - From palatal myoclonus to sudden unexplained fetal and infant death-a possible interpretation

AU - Lavezzi, Anna M.

AU - Farronato, Giampietro

AU - Mauri, Maria

AU - Santoro, Franco

AU - Matturri, Luigi

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N2 - We discussed the anatomy and the developmental alterations of a neuronal circuit, already implied in the pathogenesis of the palatal myoclonus, and connecting the dentate nucleus in the cerebellum with the red nucleus and the inferior olivary nucleus in the brainstem, in the context of our findings obtained in a wide set of sudden intrauterine unexplained death (SIUD) and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). We observed high incidence of developmental alterations (hypoplasia, hyperplasia, and high c-fos neuronal immunopositivity) of the three nuclei in both SIDS and SIUD, frequently associated to serotonergic abnormalities and to maternal smoking in pregnancy. We underlined the likeness of these neurological abnormalities with the neuropathologic picture marking the palatal myoclonus. We concluded that the network connecting the dentate, the red, and the inferior olivary nuclei is involved in the pathogenesis of a wide spectrum of manifestations, which, even if quite different, can be ascribed to a defective muscular contraction, frequently triggered from hypoxic conditions. Wrong contraction of eye, face, and throat muscles can lead to palatal myoclonus; wrong contracture of the upper airway muscles can be involved in the pathogenetic mechanism of the sudden fetal death and sudden infant death in the first months of life.

AB - We discussed the anatomy and the developmental alterations of a neuronal circuit, already implied in the pathogenesis of the palatal myoclonus, and connecting the dentate nucleus in the cerebellum with the red nucleus and the inferior olivary nucleus in the brainstem, in the context of our findings obtained in a wide set of sudden intrauterine unexplained death (SIUD) and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). We observed high incidence of developmental alterations (hypoplasia, hyperplasia, and high c-fos neuronal immunopositivity) of the three nuclei in both SIDS and SIUD, frequently associated to serotonergic abnormalities and to maternal smoking in pregnancy. We underlined the likeness of these neurological abnormalities with the neuropathologic picture marking the palatal myoclonus. We concluded that the network connecting the dentate, the red, and the inferior olivary nuclei is involved in the pathogenesis of a wide spectrum of manifestations, which, even if quite different, can be ascribed to a defective muscular contraction, frequently triggered from hypoxic conditions. Wrong contraction of eye, face, and throat muscles can lead to palatal myoclonus; wrong contracture of the upper airway muscles can be involved in the pathogenetic mechanism of the sudden fetal death and sudden infant death in the first months of life.

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