Communicating using the eyes without remembering it: Cognitive rehabilitation in a severely brain-injured patient with amnesia, tetraplegia and anarthria

Luigi Trojano, Pasquale Moretta, Anna Estraneo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We describe here a case of cognitive rehabilitation in a young patient with closed head injury, who had dense anterograde amnesia and such disabling neurological defects (tetraplegia and anarthria) that the condition evoked some features of an incomplete locked-in syndrome. After a prolonged period of no communicative possibility, the patient underwent a specific training, based on principles of errorless learning, with the aim of using a computerized eye-tracker system. Although, due to memory disturbances, the patient always denied ever having used the eye-tracker system, learned to use the computerized device and improved interaction with the environment. This favourable outcome may serve as a stimulus for devising new training approaches in patients with complex patterns of cognitive impairments, even when associated with severe motor impairments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)393-396
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Volume41
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2009

Keywords

  • Amnesia
  • Cognitive rehabilitation
  • Eye-tracker
  • Locked-in syndrome
  • Traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Medicine(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Communicating using the eyes without remembering it: Cognitive rehabilitation in a severely brain-injured patient with amnesia, tetraplegia and anarthria'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this