KOMMUNIKATIONS- UND PROBLEMLOSEVERHALTEN VON CHRONISCHEN SCHMERZPATIENTEN UND IHREN PARTNERN

Translated title of the contribution: Communication and problemsolving of chronic pain patients and their spouses

C. Breitenstein, H. Flor, N. Birbaumer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

However, there have been few experimental studies in this field. The present study used the Kategoriensystem fur partnerschaftliche/familiare Interaktion (KPI) to determine whether the communication patterns of 20 chronic back pain patients and their partners differed from that of 15 healthy couples (matched for age, sex of patient, and educational level) in a personally relevant conflict situation. It was found that the groups did not differ with regard to negative categories of communication. Patient couples (particularly the significant others of the patients) showed a higher frequency of agreement and positive contents than the control couples. Furthermore, partners with few punishing behavior differed from highly punishing partners as they showed more 'acceptance and agreement' and less 'criticism' in the conflict interactions. Sequence analysis of the data showed that negative escalations with criticism and disagreement were of greater likelihood and duration in the patient group compared to controls. These escalations suggest an inflexible problem-solving style.

Translated title of the contributionCommunication and problemsolving of chronic pain patients and their spouses
Original languageGerman
Pages (from-to)105-116
Number of pages12
JournalZeitschrift fur Klinische Psychologie
Volume23
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1994

Keywords

  • chronic back pain
  • communication
  • KPI
  • operant reinforcement
  • partner interaction
  • sequential analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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