'Communication deviance' and schizophrenia: Evidence from the Rorschach test

C. Bressi, S. Albonetti, E. Razzoli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Under the unitary concept of 'focal sharing of attention', it is possible to consider the core of communication disorders, i.e., those verbal and non-verbal behaviours that fail in their function of sharing with another a common object of attention (focus). In the Rorschach test, the situation in which a subject proposes a focus of attention is repeated in conditions of experimental observations, while he speaks about what he sees in the ink- blots, furnishing an interpretation of them. Since the sixties, research aimed at enabling a relatively standardised test assessment of the communication defects of schizophrenics and their parents has multiplied. The work of Singer and Wynne on Communication Deviance (CD) succeeded in discriminating via the Rorschach test and the Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) the parents of schizophrenic patients from those of borderline or neurotic patients. This paper illustrates the most significant contributions made to the work on CD, the detailed implementation of the procedure of administration and application, and a case report applied to the family subject having a diagnosis of undifferentiated schizophrenia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-39
Number of pages7
JournalNew Trends in Experimental and Clinical Psychiatry
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1998


  • Communication deviance
  • Family
  • Rorschach
  • Schizophrenia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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