Comparative analysis of P2Y4 and P2Y6 receptor architecture in native and transfected neuronal systems

Nadia D'Ambrosi, Monia Iafrate, Elena Saba, Patrizia Rosa, Cinzia Volonté

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Although extensive studies provided molecular and pharmacological characterization of metabotropic P2Y receptors for extracellular nucleotides, little is still known about their quaternary structure. By the use of transfected cellular systems and SDS-PAGE, in our previous work we established the propensity of P2Y4 receptor to form dimeric interactions. Here we focused on endogenously expressed P2Y4 and P2Y6 subtypes, comparing their oligomeric complexes under Blue Native (BN) gel electrophoresis. We provided evidence that P2Y4 and P2Y6 receptors form high order complexes in native neuronal phenotypes and that the oligomers can be disaggregated down to the dimeric P2Y4 or to the dimeric and monomeric P2Y6 receptor. Moreover, dimeric P2Y4 and monomeric P2Y6 proteins display selective microdomain partitioning in lipid rafts from specialized subcellular compartments such as synaptosomes. Ligand activation by UTP shifted the oligomerization of P2Y6 but not of P2Y4 receptor, as analysed by BN electrophoresis. Finally, whereas transfected P2Y4 and P2Y6 proteins homo-interact and posses the appropriate domains to associate with all P2Y1,2,4,6,11 subtypes, in naive PC12 cells the endogenous P2Y4 forms hetero-oligomers only with the P2Y6 subunit. In conclusion, our results indicate that quaternary structure distinguishing P2Y4 from P2Y6 receptors might be crucial for specific ligand activation, membrane partitioning and consequent functional regulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1592-1599
Number of pages8
JournalBBA - Biomembranes
Volume1768
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2007

Keywords

  • Dimerization
  • GPCR
  • Lipid raft
  • Purinergic receptor
  • Synaptosomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Biophysics
  • Medicine(all)

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