Strains of colistin-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae are emerging worldwide, due to the increased use of this molecule in antibiotic-resistant nosocomial infections. Comparative genomics was performed on three closely related K. pneumoniae strains isolated from three patients in a single hospital in Bologna, Italy. Two of these isolates are colistinresistant, while the third is sensitive to this antibiotic. The designed bioinformatic approach detected, among the three analyzed genomes, single nucleotide polymorphisms, insertions and deletions, specific patterns of gene presence and absence, in a total of 270 genes. These genes were analyzed by automatic and manual methods, to identify those potentially involved in colistin resistance, based on the data available in the literature and on the mechanism of action of colistin, the alteration of the outer membrane. Three of the identified genes (waaL, rfbA, vacJ), all presenting non-synonymous substitutions in the colistin resistant strains, resulted to be of special interest, due to the specific function of their protein products, involved in the biosynthesis of the outer bacterial membrane.
- Klebsiella pneumoniae . Colistin resistance . waaL . rfbA . vacJ
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology