Comparative high-resolution pQCT analysis of femoral neck indicates different bone mass distribution in osteoporosis and osteoarthritis

A. Rubinacci, D. Tresoldi, E. Scalco, I. Villa, F. Adorni, G. L. Moro, G. F. Fraschini, G. Rizzo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Summary Osteoarthritis is linked to a reduced risk of femoral fracture despite osteoporosis. Different bone distribution in the femoral neck in osteoarthritis and fracture was revealed using a peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) comparative analysis. Our findings sustain the presence of an adaptive mechanism of bone structure providing fracture protection in osteoarthritis. Introduction Although osteoarthritis is associated with reduced femoral fracture risk, it does not protect from bone loss. We investigated whether adaptive mechanisms are present at the arthritic joint, leading to reduced fracture risk, despite the presence of low bone mass density. Methods We performed pQCT comparative analyses of human femoral neck specimens derived from 32 postmenopausal women who received hip prostheses for osteoarthritis (n=19) or femoral fracture (n=13) by applying an in-house automated software to extract bone structure descriptors, characterize trabecular and cortical bone distribution, and evaluate their mutual relationships. Results The cortical bone volume and trabecular thickness were significantly (p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1967-1975
Number of pages9
JournalOsteoporosis International
Volume23
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2012

Keywords

  • Femoral fracture
  • Femoral neck
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Osteoporosis
  • PQCT

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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