Comparative HPLC and ELISA studies for CDT isoform characterization in subjects with alcohol related problems. Prospective application in workplace risk-prevention policy

T. Coccini, A. Crevani, D. Acerbi, E. Roda, A. F. Castoldi, V. Crespi, L. Manzo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Serum carbohydrate-deficient transferrin (CDT) is the most specific marker of chronic alcohol abuse so far. The performance of commercial HPLC over the ELISA method for measurement of CDT was evaluated on a series of 105 serum samples obtained from subjects referred to the Toxicology Laboratory of Salvatore Maugeri Hospital for alcohol-related problems. Compared to ELISA, HPLC analysis was more valuable for determining alcohol-related patterns of CDT isoforms and quantifying serum levels of disialotransferrin that better reflect chronic heavy drinking. Other significant advantages of the HPLC method included reproducible separation and easier detection of glycoform types and genetic transferrin variants that are known to cause falsely high or low results in sera examined by immunoassay. Current scientific evidence indicates that disialotransferrin is the target analyte for CDT determination and HPLC the current CDT analysis reference method. Systematic studies for early assessment of excessive alcohol intake or abuse of alcoholic substances in workers are recommended by the Italian legislation in accordance with the European Alcohol Action Plan (EAAP) launched by the WHO Regional Committee for Europe. These studies are advisable given their potential role in preventing negative effects of alcohol abuse in workplace. A research strategy combining CDT and other laboratory markers with questionnaire and physician interview is recommended for examining subjects with alcohol related problems and the diagnosis of alcoholism. This approach can be applied for alcohol abuse in workplace surveillance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-127
Number of pages9
JournalGiornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro ed Ergonomia
Volume30
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2008

Keywords

  • Alcoholism
  • Biomarkers
  • Workplace

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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