Comparative in vitro and in vivo study of a nitroxyl derivative of 5-fluorouracil (magnizil) on human gastrointestinal tumors

P. Seminara, G. Bogdanov, G. Codacci-Pisanelli, C. Leonetti, N. Konovalova, R. Diatchkovskaya, L. Gargano, T. Aronne, F. Franchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Aims and background: There is much interest in nitroxyl derivatives of cytotoxic agents. We evaluated the potential activity of magnizil, a derivative of 5-fluorouracil, on human gastrointestinal tumors in 3 different in vitro and in vivo experimental models. Methods: The activities of magnizil and 5-fluorouracil were comparatively determined in vitro on the HT29 cell line by a clonogenic assay and on tumor clinical specimens by an antimetabolic assay. The activity of both the drugs against human tumors was also assessed in mice with the subrenal capsule assay. Results: A similar cytotoxic activity was found for magnizil and 5-fluorouracil on the HT29 cell line. As regards human tumors, a lower activity was observed for the nitroxyl derivative than for 5-fluorouracil, with response rates of 25% and 50%, respectively, at comparable concentrations. Moreover, among the tumors transplanted in the subrenal capsule of mice, two were sensitive to magnizil and 3 to 5-fluorouracil. Conclusions: Even though experimental results on human tumors indicate a somewhat lower activity for magnizil than the parent compound, its low toxicity and the possibility to clinically use high doses suggest the opportunity to further investigate the potential of this new anticancer agent on larger series of colorectal cancers in experimental systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)278-282
Number of pages5
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1995


  • 5-fluorouracil
  • colon rectal cancer
  • nitroxyl derivative drug

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research


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