BACKGROUND: Peripheral neuroblastic tumors are the most common extracranial solid neoplasms in children. Early and adequate tissue sampling may speed up the diagnostic process and ensure a prompt start of optimal treatment whenever needed. Different biopsy techniques have been described. The purpose of this multi-center study is to evaluate the accuracy and safety of the various examined techniques and to determine whether a preferential procedure exists.
METHODS: All children who underwent a biopsy, from January 2010 to December 2014, as a result of being diagnosed with a peripheral neuroblastic tumor, were retrospectively reviewed. Data collected included patients' demographics, clinical presentation, intraoperative technical details, postoperative parameters, complications, and histology reports. The Mann-Whitney U and Fisher's exact tests were used for statistical analysis.
RESULTS: The cohort included 100 patients, 32 of whom underwent an incisional biopsy (performed through open or minimally invasive access) (Group A), and the remaining 68 underwent multiple needle-core biopsies (either imaging-guided or laparoscopy/thoracoscopy-assisted) (Group B). Comparing the two groups revealed that Group A patients had a higher rate of complications, a greater need for postoperative analgesia, and required red blood cell transfusion more often. Overall adequacy rate was 94%, without significant differences between the two groups (100% vs. 91.2% for Group A and Group B, respectively, P = 0.0933).
CONCLUSIONS: Both incision and needle-core biopsying methods provided sub-optimal to optimal sampling adequacy rates in children affected by peripheral neuroblastic tumors. However, the former method was associated with a higher risk of both intraoperative and postoperative complications compared with the latter.
- Biopsy, Needle
- Child, Preschool
- Image-Guided Biopsy
- Infant, Newborn
- Intraoperative Complications
- Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures
- Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive, Peripheral
- Postoperative Complications
- Retrospective Studies
- Journal Article
- Multicenter Study