Comparison between bioconcentration factor (BCF) data provided by industry to the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) and data derived from QSAR models

Maria I. Petoumenou, Fabiola Pizzo, Josep Cester, Alberto Fernández, Emilio Benfenati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The bioconcentration factor (BCF) is the ratio of the concentration of a chemical in an organism to the concentration in the surrounding environment at steady state. It is a valuable indicator of the bioaccumulation potential of a substance. BCF is an essential environmental property required for regulatory purposes within the Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and restriction of Chemicals (REACH) and Globally Harmonized System (GHS) regulations. In silico models for predicting BCF can facilitate the risk assessment for aquatic toxicology and reduce the cost and number of animals used. The aim of the present study was to examine the correlation of BCF data derived from the dossiers of registered chemicals submitted to the European Chemical Agency (ECHA) with the results of a battery of Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationship (QSAR). After data pruning, statistical analysis was performed using the predictions of the selected models. Results in terms of R2 had low rating around 0.5 for the pruned dataset. The use of the model applicability domain index (ADI) led to an improvement of the performance for compounds falling within it. The variability of the experimental data and the use of different parameters to define the applicability domain can influence the performance of each model. All available information should be adapted to the requirements of the regulation to obtain a safe decision.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)529-534
Number of pages6
JournalEnvironmental Research
Volume142
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2015

Keywords

  • Applicability domain
  • Bioconcentration factor
  • Fish
  • QSAR
  • REACH

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Medicine(all)

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