Comparison of β2-microglobulin serum level between Alzheimer’s patients, cognitive healthy and mild cognitive impaired individuals

Roberto Dominici, Dario Finazzi, Letizia Polito, Emanuela Oldoni, Giovanna Bugari, Alessandro Montanelli, Elio Scarpini, Daniela Galimberti, Antonio Guaita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Several studies performed in the last years on the brain, showed that beta2-microglobulin (β2m) and MHC can act independently of their canonical immune function to regulate normal brain development, synaptic plasticity and behaviour. Increased systemic levels of soluble β2m have been implicated in cognitive impairments like that associated with chronic haemodialysis, or aortic valve replacement. Increased soluble β2m has also been detected in the cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) of patients with HIV-associated dementia and Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Objective: To compare plasma β2m levels in healthy subjects and subjects with dementia or cognitive impairment. Methods: We measured the concentration of β2m in a cohort of 245 individuals and compared sex matched, cognitive healthy individuals. Results: We found higher levels of β2m in AD patients compared to non-AD MCI and healthy controls (2063 ng/mL ±852 versus 1613 ± 503 and 1832 ± 382 ng/mL, p< 0.001 and <0.033, respectively), while there was no difference between mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and healthy controls (p > 0.05). Conclusions: Our data confirm that β2m could play a role in AD. However, a replication study in an independent cohort would be necessary to confirm our preliminary results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)603-608
Number of pages6
JournalBiomarkers
Volume23
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Alzheimer disease
  • mild cognitive impairment
  • serum biomarkers
  • β2-microglobulin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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