Comparison of 123I-MIBG scintigraphy and phosphorylated α-synuclein skin deposits in synucleinopathies

Maria Pia Giannoccaro, Vincenzo Donadio, Giulia Giannini, Grazia Devigili, Giovanni Rizzo, Alex Incensi, Ernesto Cason, Giovanna Calandra-Buonaura, Roberto Eleopra, Pietro Cortelli, Rocco Liguori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Cardiac [123I]metaiodobenzylguanidine scintigraphy (123I-MIBG) is considered a useful test in differentiating multiple system atrophy (MSA) and Lewy body disorders (LBD), including idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD), dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and pure autonomic failure (PAF). The detection of skin nerve phosphorylated α-synuclein (p-α-syn) deposits could be an alternative marker in vivo. We sought to compare 123I-MIBG scintigraphy and skin biopsy findings in α-synucleinopathies. Methods: We studied 54 patients (7 DLB, 21 IPD, 13 PAF, 13 MSA) who underwent 123I-MIBG scintigraphy and skin biopsy to evaluate cardiac innervation and skin p-α-syn deposition, respectively. Results: Cardiac denervation was observed in 90.5% IPD, 100% DLB and PAF and in none of the MSA patients (P < 0.0001) whereas p-α-syn deposits were detected in all DLB and PAF, in 95.2% of IPD and 69.2% of MSA patients (P = 0.02). However, the analysis of skin structures disclosed a different distribution of the deposits in somatic subepidermal plexus and autonomic fibers among groups, showing that p-α-syn deposits rarely affected the autonomic fibers in MSA as opposed to LBD. Studying the p-α-syn deposition in autonomic nerves, concordance among I123-MIBG scintigraphy and skin biopsy results was observed in 100% of DLB and PAF, 95.2% IPD and 92.3% MSA patients. I123-MIBG scintigraphy and autonomic p-α-syn deposits analysis both showed a sensitivity of 97.5% and a specificity of 100% and 92.3%, respectively, in distinguishing LBD and MSA. Conclusion: Skin biopsy and 123-MIBG scintigraphy can be considered alternative tests for the differential diagnosis of IPD, PAF and DLB versus MSA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-53
Number of pages6
JournalParkinsonism and Related Disorders
Volume81
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020

Keywords

  • 123I-MIBG
  • Alpha synuclein deposits
  • Autonomic
  • Biomarkers
  • Differential diagnosis
  • Skin biopsy
  • Synucleinopathies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Clinical Neurology

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