Purpose: 18F-Dopa positron emission tomography (PET)/CT has proved a valuable tool for the assessment of neuroendocrine tumours. So far no data are available on 18F-dopa utilization in neuroblastoma (NB). Our aim was to evaluate the role of 18F-dopa PET/CT in NB and compare its diagnostic value with that of 123I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scintigraphy in patients affected by stage 3-4 NB. Methods: We prospectively evaluated 28 paired 123I-MIBG and 18F-dopa PET/CT scans in 19 patients: 4 at the time of the NB diagnosis and 15 when NB relapse was suspected. For both imaging modalities we performed a scan-based and a lesion-based analysis and calculated sensitivity, specificity and accuracy. The standard of reference was based on clinical, imaging and histological data. Results: NB localizations were confirmed in 17 of 19 patients. 18F-Dopa PET/CT and 123I-MIBG scintigraphy properly detected disease in 16 (94%) and 11 (65%), respectively. On scan-based analysis, 18F-dopa PET/CT showed a sensitivity and accuracy of 95 and 96%, respectively, while 123I-MIBG scanning showed a sensitivity and accuracy of 68 and 64%, respectively (p18F-dopa PET/CT and 88 by MIBG. On lesion-based analysis, 18F-dopa PET/CT showed a sensitivity and accuracy of 90% whereas 123I-MIBG scintigraphy showed a sensitivity and accuracy of 56 and 57%, respectively (p18F-dopa PET/CT displayed higher overall accuracy than 123I-MIBG scintigraphy. Consequently, we suggest 18F-dopa PET/CT as a new opportunity for NB assessment.
|Number of pages||15|
|Journal||European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 2012|
- I-MIBG scintigraphy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging