Comparison of a levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine device versus expectant management after conservative surgery for symptomatic endometriosis: A pilot study

Paolo Vercellini, Giada Frontino, Olga De Giorgi, Giorgio Aimi, Barbara Zaina, Pier Giorgio Crosignani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To determine whether the frequency and severity of dysmenorrhea are reduced in women with symptomatic endometriosis in whom a levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine device (Lng-IUD) is inserted after operative laparoscopy compared with those treated with surgery only. Design: Open-label, parallel-group, randomized, controlled trial. Setting: A tertiary care and referral center for patients with endometriosis. Patient(s): Parous women with moderate or severe dysmenorrhea undergoing first-line operative laparoscopy for symptomatic endometriosis. Intervention(s): Randomization to immediate Lng-IUD insertion or expectant management after laparoscopic treatment of endometriotic lesions. Main Outcome Measure(s): Proportions of women with recurrence of moderate or severe dysmenorrhea in the two study groups 1 year after surgery and overall degree of satisfaction with treatment. Result(s): Moderate or severe dysmenorrhea recurred in 2 of 20 (10%) subjects in the postoperative Lng-IUD group and 9/20 (45%) in the surgery-only group. Thus, a medicated device inserted postoperatively will prevent the recurrence of moderate or severe dysmenorrhea in one out of three patients 1 year after surgery. A total of 15/20 (75%) women in the Lng-IUD group and 10/20 (50%) in the expectant management group were satisfied or very satisfied with the treatment received. Conclusion(s): Insertion of an Lng-IUD after laparoscopic surgery for symptomatic endometriosis significantly reduced the medium-term risk of recurrence of moderate or severe dysmenorrhea.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)305-309
Number of pages5
JournalFertility and Sterility
Volume80
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2003

Keywords

  • Dysmenorrhea
  • Endometriosis
  • IUD
  • Pelvic pain
  • Progestins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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