Comparison of classic and two-compartment minimal models for evaluation of glucose disposal indexes in hypertension

S. Natalucci, M. Boemi, R. Carnevali, P. Fumelli, R. Burattini

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

A standard intravenous glucose tolerance test (IVGTT) was performed in five non-diabetic patients with essential hypertension (under a long-term pharmacological treatment) and five normotensive control subjects. A two-compartment minimal model (2CMM) of glucose kinetics was applied to estimate indexes of glucose effectiveness and insulin sensitivity by means of a maximum a posteriori (MAP) bayesian estimation technique. These estimates were contrasted to those obtained from the application of the classic minimal model (1CMM). Both the 2CMM and the 1CMM yielded estimates of glucose effectiveness and insulin sensitivity indexes that document severe insulin resistance and impaired glucose effectiveness in non-diabetic hypertensive patients. The index of glucose effectiveness provided by the 2CMM was, on average, 70% (in the hypertensive group) and 56% (in the normotensive group) of the corresponding estimate provided by the MM. The 2CMM index of insulin sensitivity was, on average, 140% and 142% of the corresponding estimate provided by the 1CMM. These results confirm that the bayesian identification of the 2CMM improves the accuracy of glucose effectiveness and of insulin sensitivity estimates over the classic single-pool description (1CMM) of glucose kinetics.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAnnual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology - Proceedings
PublisherIEEE
Pages1005
Number of pages1
Volume2
ISBN (Print)0780356756
Publication statusPublished - 1999
EventProceedings of the 1999 IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology 21st Annual Conference and the 1999 Fall Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society (1st Joint BMES / EMBS) - Atlanta, GA, USA
Duration: Oct 13 1999Oct 16 1999

Other

OtherProceedings of the 1999 IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology 21st Annual Conference and the 1999 Fall Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society (1st Joint BMES / EMBS)
CityAtlanta, GA, USA
Period10/13/9910/16/99

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering

Cite this

Natalucci, S., Boemi, M., Carnevali, R., Fumelli, P., & Burattini, R. (1999). Comparison of classic and two-compartment minimal models for evaluation of glucose disposal indexes in hypertension. In Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology - Proceedings (Vol. 2, pp. 1005). IEEE.