Comparison of hemodynamic and respiratory effects of propofol and sevoflurane during carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum in a swine model.

Francesco Puglisi, Antonio Crovace, Francesco Staffieri, Palma Capuano, Giuseppe Carravetta, Michele De Fazio, Giuseppe Lograno, Luca Lacitignola, Vito Leopoldo Troilo, Gennaro Martines, Carmine Chiumarulo, Vincenzo Memeo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The aim of this study was to compare intraoperative hemodynamic and respiratory parameters using propofol and sevoflurane during laparoscopic surgery in a porcine model. After induction of general anaesthesia in 16 pigs with fentanyl (0.005 mg kg(-1)) followed by propofol (6 mg Kg(-1)), it was maintained with fentanyl (0.01 mg kg(-1)h(-1)) and sevoflurane in O2 in group 1 (G1, n = 8) and fentanyl and propofol (12 mg kg(-1)h(-1)) in group 2 (G2, n = 8). The parameters monitored were heart rate, airway pressure (PAW), arterial and venous blood pressures and arterial blood gas analysis. The carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum was maintained at 12 mmHg for 2 hours. Data were expressed as mean +/- standard deviation and were analysed using the Wilcoxon test (p <0.05). G1 showed significantly higher PAW values than G2 at T60, T90 and T120. The heart rate values were significantly higher in G1 at T90 and T120. Middle arterial pressure was significantly lower in G1 than G2 at T30 and T60. The base deficit was significantly greater in G1 at T60, T90, T120 and Tpost. In this study propofol assured better hemodynamic and respiratory conditions than sevoflurane during laparoscopy in a porcine model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-111
Number of pages7
JournalChirurgia Italiana
Volume59
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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