Background: Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) provides more precise information than angiography about vascular dimensions. This information is used by some centers to optimize intracoronary stent implantation. There are no direct comparisons of the effects on restenosis of optimal IVUS-guided versus angiography-directed high-pressure stenting. Methods and Results: Lesions of patients who had a 6-month angiographic follow-up study were eligible for matching. From 445 consecutive lesions treated by Palmaz-Schatz (P-S) stenting guided by IVUS (IVUS group) in Milan, 173 lesions were individually matched with 173 of 476 consecutive lesions treated by P-S stenting directed by angiography (Angio group) in Hamburg. Lesions were selected by a computerized program according to baseline clinical, angiographic, and procedural variables. Immediate and 6-month angiographic results were retrospectively compared, distinguishing an 'early phase' from a 'late phase.' This distinction was based on the more aggressive dilation strategy with larger balloons and more demanding IVUS criteria for optimal stent expansion used in Milan in the early phase. In both phases, a larger minimum lumen diameter (MLD) immediately after stenting and after 6 months was achieved in the IVUS group than in the Angio group. In the early phase, the dichotomous restenosis rate was lower in the IVUS group than in the Angio group (9.2% versus 22.3%; P=.04). In the late phase, there was no difference in restenosis between the groups (22.7% versus 23.7%; P=1.0). Conclusions: In matched lesions treated with high-pressure stenting, IVUS guidance achieved a larger MLD than angiographic guidance. However, in the IVUS group, the restenosis rate was lower only in the early phase, when balloons larger than currently used were selected to maximize the stent lumen area.
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 4 1997|
- Coronary disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine