Comparison of Laparoscopic Total and Partial Fundoplication for Gastroesophageal Reflux

Marco G. Patti, Mario De Pinto, Mario De Bellis, Massimo Arcerito, Jenny Tong, Anne Wang, Sean J. Mulvibill, Lawrence W. Way

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Approximately 25% of patients with gastroesophageal reflux severe enough to be considered for surgical treatment have dysfunction of esophageal peristalsis in addition to dysfunction of the lower esophageal sphincter. A standard total (i.e., Nissen) fundoplication in these patients may be followed by dysphagia, so many experts recommend a partial fundoplication as an alternative. The goal of this study was to compare the clinical results and changes in esophageal function following laparoscopic total and partial fundoplication. Ninety-three patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease had laparoscopic antireflux operations. Total fundoplication was performed in 50 patients with normal esophageal peristalsis. Partial fundoplication was chosen for 43 patients with severe abnormalities of esophageal peristalsis. The same percentage of patients has resolution of heartburn (93%) and regurgitation (97%) after partial as compared to total fundoplication. Dysphagia developed in four patients (8%) after total fundoplication (one patient required dilatation) and in no patients after partial fundoplication. Both operations produced similar changes in lower esophageal sphincter function, but only partial fundoplication was associated with improvement in esophageal dysfunction. Esophageal acid exposure became normal in 92% of patients after total and in 91% of patients after partial fundoplication. Partial fundoplication improves lower esophageal sphincter pressure and esophageal body function and, in patients with abnormal esophageal peristalsis, it corrects reflux without producing dysphagia. Partial and total fundoplication are both indicated in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease, and the choice of which procedure to use should be based on each patient's specific esophageal motor function abnormalities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)309-315
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Volume1
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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