Comparison of liver stiffness measurements by a 2D-shear wave technique and transient elastography: results from a European prospective multi-centre study

Maxime Ronot, Giovanna Ferraioli, Hans Peter Müller, Mireen Friedrich-Rust, Carlo Filice, Valérie Vilgrain, David Cosgrove, Adrian K. Lim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: To compare liver stiffness measurement (LSM) provided by Canon 2D-shear wave elastography (2D-SWE) and transient elastography (TE), the latter being the reference method. Methods: Prospective study conducted in four European centres from 2015 to 2016 including patients with various chronic liver diseases who had LSMs with both 2D-SWE and TE on the same day. Median of 10 valid measurements (in kPa) was used for comparison using paired t test, Pearson correlation, intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and Bland-Altman plot. The ability of 2D-SWE to stratify patient according to recognised LSM-TE thresholds was assessed by ROC curve analysis. Results: Six hundred forty patients were scanned, where 593 (92.7%), 572 (89.4%) and 537 (83.9%) had reliable LSMs by TE, 2D-SWE and both combined, respectively. In the latter (n = 537, 310 [57.7%] male, mean 55.3 ± 14.8 years), median LSM-TE and LSM-2D-SWE had a mean of 10.1 ± 9.4 kPa (range 2.4–75) and 9.1 ± 6.1 kPa (range 3.6–55.7) (paired t test: p < 0.001), respectively. These were significantly correlated (Pearson r = 0.932, p < 0.001, ICC 0.850 (0.825–0.872), bias 0.99 ± 4.33 kPa [95% limits of agreement − 9.48 to + 7.49] with proportional error towards higher LSM values). LSM-2D-SWE values significantly increased with TE categories (ANOVA: p < 0.001). AUROCs ranged from 0.935 ± 0.010 (95% CI 0.910–0.954) to 0.973 ± 0.009 (95% CI 0.955–0.985), resulting in correct classification of 390/537 (73%) patients. Three 2D-SWE measurements were sufficient for reliable LSMs. Conclusion: LSM using 2D-SWE correlates well with TE. It tends to underestimate higher stages of liver fibrosis but correctly classifies the majority of patients. It may be used in TE-derived algorithms to manage patients. Key Points: • Liver stiffness measurement (LSM) by 2D-shear wave elastography (2D-SWE) and transient elastography (TE) are strongly correlated. • 2D-SWE shows proportionately lower LSM values compared to TE, particularly with the higher LSM range. • Three individual measurements by 2D-SWE are sufficient to assess LSM reliably.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Radiology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • Elasticity imaging technique
  • Fibrosis
  • Liver diseases
  • Portal hypertension
  • Prospective studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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