The demonstration of a contractile reserve during low-dose dobutamine echocardiography (LDDE) identifies viable myocardium and predicts recovery of left ventricular (LV) function after myocardial revascularization in patients with chronic coronary artery disease. However, a technically difficult transthoracic visualization may limit the use of LDDE, thus requiring an alternative diagnostic procedure. The present study compares LDDE with low-dose dobutamine ventriculography (LDDV) in predicting an improvement in regional LV function after surgical revascularization. We studied 18 patients with coronary artery disease and LV dysfunction who were to undergo coronary artery bypass grafting. Preoperatively, all patients were evaluated for the presence of viable myocardium using LDDE and LDDV. Follow-up echocardiography at rest and left ventriculography were performed 4 months after successful revascularization to assess recovery of LV function. The sensitivity and specificity of LDDE to identify dysfunctional segments capable of recovering function were 63% and 71%, respectively, with a diagnostic accuracy of 68%. The sensitivity, specificity, and diagnostic accuracy of LDDE improved to 81%, 72%, and 76% when patients with optimal transthoracic evaluation were selected, whereas they were 30%, 77%, and 57%, respectively, in those who underwent suboptimal evaluation. The sensitivity, specificity, and diagnostic accuracy of LDDV were 66%, 75%, and 71%, respectively, with no difference in subgroups of patients. This study demonstrates that LDDV can be considered a useful technique for identifying the presence of myocardial viability and may provide an advantage over LDDE in patients with suboptimal echocardiographic visualization. (C) 2000 by Excerpta Medica, Inc.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine