Comparison of mechanisms responsible for resistance to idarubicin and daunorubicin in multidrug resistant LoVo cell lines

G. Toffoli, F. Simone, M. Gigante, M. Boiocchi

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Abstract

Two human colon carcinoma drug resistant clones (LoVo-IDA-1 and LoVo-IDA-2) were selected by continuous pressure of LoVo parent cell lines to idarubicin (IDA). Both cell sublines exhibited a typical multidrug resistance (MDR) phenotype but, despite IDA selection, the resistance index (RIext) was higher for daunorubicin (DAU) (RIext = 101-112) than for IDA (RIext = 20-23). A similar pattern of cross-resistance was also observed in two (DOX) doxorubicin-selected LoVo cell lines (LoVo-DOX-1 and LoVo-DOX-2). All the MDR cell lines exhibited decreased drug accumulation and increased intracellular drug tolerance as evidenced by the greater intracellular amount of drug required to cause a 50% growth inhibition (ic50int) compared to their parent cell line. The differences between DAU and IDA RIext exhibited by MDR cells were a function of intracellular resistance. DAU ic50int was 13.9 and 14.9 times higher in LoVo-IDA-1,2 and 6.4 and 6.2 in LoVo-DOX-1,2 cell lines, respectively, than in LoVo-sensitive, whereas IDA ic50int was only 3.6 and 3.2 times higher in LoVo-IDA-1,2 and 2.2 and 2.3 in LoVo-DOX-1,2 cell lines, respectively. Conversely, variations in IDA accumulation between resistant and sensitive cells were similar to those observed for DAU [the ratios between DAU uptake in sensitive and resistant cells were almost identical (P = NS) to those observed for IDA]. Differences between IDA and DAU intracellular distribution accounted for the relatively higher DAU intracellular resistance. In fact nuclear/cytoplasmic ( N C) DAU fluorescence ratio was higher (P <0.01) in sensitive ( N C = 3.4 ± 2.7) than in MDR cells ( N C) ranging from 0.31 ± 0.2 to 0.41 ± 0.1). In contrast, no significant (P = NS) differences were observed in IDA N C ratios between sensitive and MDR cells ( N C ranging from 0.16 ± 0.1 to 0.20 ± 0.1). In MDR cells, 1-hr VER (10 μM) treatment partially reverted both DAU N C ratios and racellular DAU resistance but neither changes in IDA N C ratios nor variation in intracellular IDA resistance were observed following VER exposure. In conclusion, the greater intracellular drug tolerance that MDR cells show for DAU compared to IDA makes IDA more effective than DAU in MDR cells overexpressing P-glycoprotein (P-gp).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1871-1881
Number of pages11
JournalBiochemical Pharmacology
Volume48
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 16 1994

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Keywords

  • daunorubicin
  • idarubicin
  • multidrug resistance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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