Comparison of methimazole, methimazole and sodium ipodate, and methimazole and saturated solution of potassium iodide in the early treatment of hyperthyroid Graves' disease

E. Roti, G. Robuschi, E. Gardini, M. Montermini, M. Salvi, A. Manfredi, A. Gnudi, L. E. Braverman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We have evaluated three regimens for the rapid control (10 days' therapy) of thyrotoxicosis in hyperthyroid Graves' disease: methimazole (MMI, 40 mg/day), MMI and sodium ipodate (MMI + Na Ipodate, 1 g/day) and MMI and saturated solution of potassium iodide (MMI + SSKI, 6 drops twice daily). When serum T4 and T3 concentrations were analysed as the percent change from pre-treatment values, the following results were observed. Serum T4 concentration decreased in the three treatment groups and the decrease was similar in the MMI and MMI + SSKI groups but significantly lower than in the MMI + Na ipodate group. The serum T3 concentration decreased to the normal range in all seven MMI + Na Ipodate treated patients by the fourth day of treatment and the per cent decrease in serum T3 from pre-treatment values was significantly greater than in the MMI and MMI + SSKI treated patients. The decrease in serum T3 was similar in the latter two groups. Heart rate decreased in all three groups, but the decrease was significantly more in the MMI + Na Ipodate-treated patients. The present findings suggest that the rapid control of hyperthyroid Graves' disease is similar in patients treated with MMI and MMI + SSKI and that the combination of MMI + Na Ipodate is more efficacious since the decrease in serum T3 concentrations and heart rate was significantly greater in the MMI + Na ipodate-treated patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)305-314
Number of pages10
JournalClinical Endocrinology
Volume28
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1988

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology

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