Comparison of optimal cytoreduction rates in emergency versus non-emergency admissions for advanced ovarian cancer: A multi-institutional study

G. Mangili, G. Scambia, J. Ottolina, F. Fanfani, R. Viganò, B. Costantini, M. Candiani, A. Fagotti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aims to investigate whether first referral to the Emergency Department (ED) of a General Hospital is an independent risk-factor for suboptimal debulking compared to a similar population electively admitted to cytoreductive surgery, in a cohort of 307 AOC patients. Methods this is a multicentre case-control study, analyzing a cohort of 307 AOC patients treated at San Raffaele Hospital of Milan (111 Center A) and Gemelli Hospital of Rome (196 Center B) between January 2006/2008 and December 2010. Women are classified as patients admitted to the Hospital from ED (Cases) and out-patients (Controls). Results At univariate analysis, Cases significantly differ from Controls in terms of worse ECOG PS, larger ascites, pleuric effusion and peritoneal carcinomatosis. The rate of optimal cytoreduction is statistically lower in the Cases than Controls. At multivariate analysis, significant independent predictors for suboptimal residual disease resulted ED admission, peritoneal carcinosis and mesenteral involvement, supra radical surgery. Conclusions Patients admitted from Emergency Department may have a lower likelihood of optimal cytoreduction, due to their poor clinical characteristics and large diffusion of the disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)906-911
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Surgical Oncology
Volume39
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2013

Keywords

  • Cytoreduction
  • Emergency admission
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Performance status
  • Residual disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Surgery

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