Comparison of ropivacaine with bupivacaine for paediatric caudal block

G. Ivani, E. Lampugnani, M. Torre, G. Calevo Maria, P. Denegri, F. Borrometi, A. Messeri, M. Calamandrei, P. A. Lonnqvist, N. S. Morton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In a double-blind, multicentre study 245 children aged 1-10 yr undergoing elective minor surgery as inpatients were randomly allocated to receive a single caudal extradural injection of 1 ml kg-1 of either 0.25% bupivacaine or 0.2% ropivacaine after induction of light general anaesthesia. The groups were comparable for age, weight, vital signs and duration of surgery. The onset time was similar for ropivacaine and bupivacaine (9.7 vs 10.4 min). Further analgesia was not required in 40% of children. The mean time to first analgesia in the remainder was 233 min in the bupivacaine group and 271 min in the ropivacaine group. No motor block was measurable in either group. Ropivacaine 2 mg kg-1 was as effective as bupivacaine 2.5 mg kg-1 for caudal analgesia in children.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)247-248
Number of pages2
JournalBritish Journal of Anaesthesia
Volume81
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1998

Keywords

  • Anaesthesia, paediatrics
  • Anaesthesia, regional
  • Anaesthetic techniques, extradural
  • Anaesthetics local, bupivacaine
  • Anaesthetics local, ropivacaine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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