Comparison of symbolization strategies for complexity assessment of spontaneous variability in individuals with signs of cardiovascular control impairment

Alberto Porta, Vlasta Bari, Beatrice Cairo, Beatrice De Maria, Emanuele Vaini, Franca Barbic, Raffaello Furlan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Symbolic analysis was frequently utilized in cardiovascular control assessment from spontaneous variability of heart period (HP) and systolic arterial pressure (SAP). However, due to different symbolization approaches comparison among studies present in literature is difficult especially on pathological groups with signs of autonomic dysfunction. We performed HP and SAP symbolic analyses via different symbolization methods over a group of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients with no sign of orthostatic hypotension and over age- and gender-matched healthy (H) controls at rest in supine position (REST) and during head-up tilt (HUT). The most frequently exploited symbolization methods applied directly to the original values, referred to as amplitude-based (AB) techniques, and to their first variations, labeled as variation-based (VB) methods, were compared. The rates of pattern families featuring different amount of variability among symbols were computed. In agreement with the inclusion criteria PD patients could maintain steady SAP during HUT via a tachycardic response. In spite of similar trends symbolic markers exhibited subtle differences. The level of consistency among different symbolic approaches is more dependent on the type of series and pattern family than on symbolization strategy (i.e. AB or VB). Consistency was higher over SAP than HP symbolic indexes and over highly variable patterns than more stable ones. All the symbolic methods detected an increased complexity of cardiac and vascular controls in PD patients compared to H subjects more evident during HUT than at REST. Symbolic markers of highly variable patterns provide interpretation independent of the symbolization technique exploited for their computation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102128
JournalBiomedical Signal Processing and Control
Volume62
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2020

Keywords

  • Arterial blood pressure
  • Autonomic nervous system
  • Complexity analysis
  • Head-up tilt
  • Heart rate variability
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Symbolic dynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Health Informatics

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Comparison of symbolization strategies for complexity assessment of spontaneous variability in individuals with signs of cardiovascular control impairment'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this