Background: A number of new assays with different measuring principles are available to measure von Willebrand factor (VWF) glycoprotein Ib (GPIb)-binding activity, but little is known about how these assays might behave differently for subtypes of von Willebrand disease (VWD). Objectives: The Comparison of Assays to Measure VWF Activity (COMPASS-VWF) study was designed to compare all available VWF GPIb-binding activity assays for VWF. We specifically searched for particular assay behavior differences. Patients/Methods: To sort out random differences from systematic assay behavior deviations, all assays were performed in different laboratories on the same samples in a blinded fashion. Samples from 53 normal controls and 42 well-characterized VWD patients were reanalyzed in this study to dissect assay-specific discrepancies. Results: No assay behavior differences were found for 53 normal controls. For VWD patients, we found the following systematic assay behavior patterns: (a) All ELISA assays for VWF:GPIbR as well as VWF:GPIbM are insensitive to detect the low VWF activity of VWD type 2B patients with loss of high molecular weight multimers; (b) VWF:Ab assay reports higher activity for the p.V1665E mutation than all other assays; and (c) all ristocetin-based assays (including VWF:RCo using fixed platelets) but the AcuStar assay report discrepantly low VWF activity for the p.P1467S polymorphism. No systematic assay-specific difference was observed for either the particle agglutination VWF:GPIbM assay or the AcuStar assay using magnetic beads. Conclusions: Different assay principles may lead to discrepant results for certain VWD types or mutations. Therefore, a more extensive study for a large number of patients is needed to better characterize the incidence and relevance of such assay-specific differences.
- blood coagulation disorders
- clinical laboratory techniques
- enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
- von Willebrand disease
- von Willebrand factor
ASJC Scopus subject areas